Seminário Internacional 2011

Organização: Adalberto Cardoso

 

INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR

"YOUTH, INEQUALITIES AND THE FUTURE OF RIO DE JANEIRO"

Rio de Janeiro, June 6-8

2011

Rio de Janeiro is known for its beauty, for the warmth of its people, for carnival and samba. But it is also known for its social and economic inequalities, its social and political problems, most especially poverty and social violence. After decades of economic decadence (the reasons of which are quite consensual in the literature), sheer social and political problems have accumulated, shortening the horizon of expectations of its inhabitants, increasing the chance that companies and individuals choose to leave the city, reducing the will to participate in the political process, feeding violence and a problematic sociability. The idea of a "problematic sociability", of course, has much to do with how young people live and relate to other social categories as they constantly test the boundaries of that very sociability while negotiating or affirming their social and political identities. Youth has always been at the center of concerns about what to do in a social environment characterized by strong inequalities of opportunities, possibilities and results.

In recent years that horizon of expectations seems to have evolved in a positive direction, due to a series of connected events. Public policies in the three administration levels (Federal, State and Municipal) are now coordinated to attract public and private investments related to two major sports events (the 2014 FIFA World Cup and the 2016 Olympic Games). This is already resulting in job creation in infra-structure, manufacturing and services; alleviation of poverty; reduction of violence related to the control over territories by drug-related crime; investment in education; among other issues. What are the problems, opportunities and dilemmas that this scenario opens for Rio's social, economic and political dynamics, when seen from the perspective of its young inhabitants? Can long lasting patterns of social relations based on (most of the times) violent, short term choice scenarios change in a 'positive' direction, the preferred consequence of which being the pacification of the sociability and the opening of the horizons of youth's social and political identities?

These are some of the main questions of the ongoing project of research 'Youth, inequalities and the future of Rio de Janeiro', in which this international seminar will play a central role. The seminar will put together scholars with acknowledged expertise in the field, in order to deepen the debate around research on youth and inequalities in selected countries of the world, stimulating the discussion and exchange of ideas, methods and research results on issues such as primary socialization (in the family, in the school, on the streets); youth culture (gender and ethnic relations, identity formation, cultural practices, religion); youth violence (ideas of justice, relation to the repressive apparatus, patterns of violent behavior, mortality); and transitions to adulthood (transition from school to work, patterns of adulthood).

The seminar was organized by the Institute of Social and Political Studies of the Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (IESP-UERJ) and financed by FAPERJ and CNPq as part of the 'Programa de Núcleos de Excelência' (PRONEX). It took take place at Fundação Casa de Rui Barbosa. The links in the program below leads you to the participants’ CV and presentations’ abstracts. The videos of the seminar can be accessed HERE.

Fundação Casa de Rui Barbosa (auditório)

Rua São Clemente 134, Botafogo

Rio de Janeiro - RJ

O seminário será filmado e a gravação será disponibilizada aqui proximamente

Inscrições (obrigatórias) pelo email juventude@iesp.uerj.br

PROGRAM

Day one (June 6).

Morning

Welcome session (9:00hs): Credentials; Greetings from the organizers;

Session 1 (10:00-12:00hs). Main issues and methodological problems in youth research;

Claude Dubar (CNRS-França): La socialization des jeunes en France et au Brésil.
Gerard Mauger (CNRS-França): Jeunesse : âges de la vie et générations.
José Maurício Domingues (IESP-UERJ, discussant)

Lunch.

Afternoon

Session 2 (13:30-15:00hs). Brief remarks on the economy and society in the State of Rio de Janeiro

Lia Hasenclever and Julia Paranhos (IE-UFRJ): Economic performance in Rio de Janeiro - Past trends and future perspectives.

Session 3 (15:15-18:15 hs). Socialization (youth and the school)

Lícia Valladares (Lille): Education and Social Mobility in the Favelas of Rio
Juarez Dayrell (UFMG): Youth and school: reflections on the socialization of youth
Marco Oberti and Edmond Préteceille (Sciences-Po - OSC): Urban and school segregation: Spatial dimensions of school inequalities
Marco Oberti(Sciences-Po - OSC): School requalification: Between meritocracy and perception of inequalities.
Paulo Carrano (UFF, discussant)

 

Day two (June 7)

Morning (9:30-12:30hs)

Session 4 (9:30-12:30 hs). Youth culture (gender and ethno-racial identities and relations)

Edmond Préteceille (Sciences-Po - OSC): Ethnoracial segregation of young people in Paris
Hugues Lagrange (Sciences-Po - OSC); Between (neo)traditionalism and democracy: youth and violence in Europe and Northern Africa
Jennifer Fleetwood (Kent-UK); Anti-feminist backlash: construction of young women's delinquency in the UK
João Feres Jr. (IESP-UERJ, discussant).

Lunch

Afternoon

Session 5 (14:00-16:30hs). Youth and Religion

Regina Novaes (UFRJ): Religion, political culture and trajectories of young Brazilians.
Melinda Denton (Clemson-USA): Religion and Youth in the U.S.: Adolescent life outcomes. across multiple profiles of religiosity
Marcelo Carmurça (UFJF): Religious imaginary, morals and values amongst Minas Gerais youth.
Diana Nogueira Lima (IESP-UERJ, discussant)

Coffee break

Session 6 (17:00-19:30hs). Youth and violence 1 (violent behavior; violent identities; violent environments)

Alba Zaluar (IMS-UERJ): Collective efficacy, violence and public policies in Rio de Janeiro
Héctor Castillo (UNAM - México): Youth and violence: two realities, same problem
Luiz Antônio Machado da Silva e Márcia Pereira Leite (UERJ): Youth's urban experience in contexts of violence and segregation
Adalberto Moreira Cardoso (IESP-UERJ) (Discussant)

 

Day three (June 8)

Morning

Session 7 (9:30-12:30hs). Transitions to adult life

Robert Crosnoe (UTexas-USA): Schooling, Relationships, and Health Behavior in the Transition to Adulthood in the U.S.
Sylvia Giorguli Saucedo (Colmex-México): Transitions to adulthood and institutional settings from a comparative perspective. The cases of Brazil and Mexico
Nadya Guimarães(USP e CEBRAP): Getting a first job: experiences and meanings in São Paulo, Paris and Tokyo
Carlos Antônio Costa Ribeiro (UERJ, discussant)

Lunch

Session 8 (14:00-16:30 hs). Youth and violence 2 (repression; violence statistics; anti-violence social policies)

José Miguel Cruz (FIU-USA): Gangs and the politics of illegal violence
Susana Durão (University of Lisbon): Youth and Police. Moral projects in Portugal and Brazil.
Glaucio Soares (IESP-UERJ): Age and homicide victimization in Brazil: some near-invariances.
Michel Misse (UFRJ - discussant)